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Pastel Paradise: How to Make Natural Dyes for Fabric

Pastel Paradise: How to Make Natural Dyes for Fabric

I'm all about pastels right now, and I suspect we'll be seeing even more pastels while spring is in bloom. To create the pastel paradise I want for Easter, I felt I needed pastel colored fabric napkins. Since I wanted to learn more about natural dyes, I searched for ways to dye fabric with traditional household items in order to achieve my pastel color palette. I decided to experiment with a few different ingredients, and ultimately, red onion skins, turmeric and blueberries helped me create three pastel napkins to use this season. 

 

To make pastel napkins, I created a dye bath with red onion skins to create light pink, turmeric to make yellow, and blueberries to make lavender. I read a lot about natural dyeing before testing it out myself, but I know that I have so much more to learn as I keep practicing.

My first attempt at these napkins yielded unimpressive results, and here's why: I was using poor quality fabric that was too synthetic to hold the dye. Let this be a lesson to you to use cotton napkins and pre-wash them for best results. Every fabric type will handle dye differently. 

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Materials:

  • Cotton fabric napkins
  • Large pot
  • Tongs
  • Slotted spoon or sieve 
  • Dye materials:
    • Red onion skin from one onion
    • 1 tbsp turmeric
    • 1 cup of blueberries

Note, the steps that follow show onion skins as the example, but the directions will be the same for all three types of dye. 

Step

Bring about 3-4 cups of water to a boil with the dye material in a large saucepan. I dyed one napkin at a time. 

Step

Once boiling, reduce to low and simmer for 30 minutes.

Step

Use a slotted spoon, sieve or colander to remove the onion skins or blueberries. 

Step

Wet the napkins and squeeze out water so that the fabric is damp. Then submerge in the dye bath on low heat. 

Step

Time will vary according to the dye because some are stronger than others. Let the napkin soak until your desired color is reached, anywhere from 1-30 minutes, moving it occasionally with a set of tongs so that the color is evenly distributed.

Note, turmeric is very strong. You should only allow the napkin to soak for a few seconds before rinsing to achieve a light yellow color. The others DO need to soak longer, and the colors may lighten as they dry.

Step

When you're satisfied with the color, carefully remove the fabric and run under cold water until the water runs clear. Squeeze out excess water and allow to dry. 

I dried my fabrics outside in the shade because the sunlight can bleach away the colors. You can also dry the fabric in an electric dryer. 

Use your new natural-dyed pastel napkins to decorate for spring! I'm excited to use mine for a lot of different occasions this season!

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