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Print Your Own T-Shirts Using Homemade Stencils

created at: 03/27/2013

Though screen printing is the most efficient way of printing on textiles (check out my how-to here), it’s a lot of work to print a one-of-a-kind t-shirt. Here’s a cool way to create a stencil on the computer, and handprint it upon your shirt. It produces a different aesthetic than silk screening, as your completed shirt won’t look brand new, but nicely broken-in.

Ingredients:

  • Computer with image editing software (the instructions here are for Adobe Photoshop)
  • Craft knife and blades (such as X-Acto) 
  • Cutting Mat, or scrap piece of plywood
  • Thin or Medium sheet of acetate (overhead transparency)
  • Masking tape
  • Textile Ink, or Acrylic Ink and Textile Fixer
  • Small Painter Roller
  • T-Shirt
  • Iron and Parchment Paper


Designing the Stencil

(The instructions are for use in Photoshop. The same techniques can be used in any software, or your can simply hand draw an image.)

1. Select your image and import into Photoshop. I’ve chosen a photo of French philosopher and author Albert Camus.  (Al-Behr Kah-mou)



2. Create a duplicate layer, and using the eraser and the magic wand tool, isolate the subject from its background. I find it useful to use a solid fill layer in a bright color for contrast.



3. Force your image into pure black and white using Image->Adjustments->Threshold, and adjust the slider for the best balance of white and black.



4. Apply a blur using Filter->Blur->Gaussian Blur, with the radius in the low pixel range (.01-2), which smoothes out some of the pixelating from applying the Threshold.

5. Using the paintbrush tool, connect each black area to the larger black outline.  No blob of black can stand alone, or it will be lost when you cut out the stencil.



6. Invert your image, and print it out on an 8.5 x 11” sheet of paper (a thick, high quality paper will do best).

Cutting the Stencil and Printing the Shirt


1. Place the acetate atop the printed image, and secure the edges with masking tape.

2. Using the X-acto knife and a sharp blade, carefully cut out the (now) black part of the image. You should cut through both the acetate and the paper below it. Work slowly, and don’t be discouraged if you spend over an hour cutting your stencil.



3. To print your shirt, place your stencil as you wish, and tape the stencil down with masking tape. Adding newspaper to the uncovered fabric will also protect it from the ink.



4. Mix your ink color, adding in the fabric fixer if necessary. Unfortunately, you’ll use a lot of ink to fully saturate the roller, so be sure to mix a lot. (I wonder if a rubber brayer would work on fabric and cut down on wasted ink.) Test your stencil on a sheet of paper to get a feel for the process.

5. Fill the roller with ink, as you would when painting a wall, and then apply the ink atop your stencil, working in from the outside. It’s okay to do multiple coats, just be sure that the stencil doesn’t move.


6. Carefully remove the stencil, tape, and newspapers, and admire your good work. Let the ink dry, and then iron on a high, dry setting, using a piece of parchment or wax paper between the iron and the short, which heat-sets the ink.

7. Hand wash your shirt, and dry on a low setting, with some old towels to cut down on the agitation to the fabric.

I added some nonsense to the front, just for kicks.

 

 
Feel like making some more graphic art, this time for your wall? Then check this out.

created at: 03/27/2013

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19 Comments

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Carrie Roth on Nov 28, 2013:

This is awesome! I should really want to try this. :D


Latu on May 28, 2013:

Cool.......!


Anonymous on May 28, 2013:

Cool


Spartacus on Oct 08, 2012:

This is great work, I wanted to add one further tip. Acetate and glue is a great material for making reusable stencils, but if you're making a quick one-off there is another way.


Buy some standard Freezer Paper for example Reynold's Freezer Paper. It's like wax paper but waxed on ony one side (this is important). Freezer Paper is thin enough you can trace through an image, and it's easier to cut than acetate. Once the stencil is cut place it wax-side down (i.e. onto the t-shirt) and dry iron it. This "glues" it into place quite firmly. You can then do the printing as normal and then remove the paper by pulling it. 


Handy if you're only after a quick one-off item.


snico on Oct 02, 2011:

I love your description of how to make a cool stencil!  I've been doing this process for a while, but I've always just downloaded stencils instead of making my own... I'll definitely be trying that soon!  Also, I use freezer paper to print the stencil, then cut out the stencil and iron it onto the fabric... works pretty well!


Richard May on Mar 16, 2011:

That is an interesting 'lived in' effect you can achieve using a stencil instead of a silk screen, but you have to admit the stencil will not last nearly as long as a silk screen will. This method would be good for one, or maybe even a handful of t-shirts, but no more than that.


Anna on Nov 10, 2010:

Thanks for the printing instructions. I just made a t-shirt. I sprayed the back of the stencil with "spray adhesive." It's the stuff on the back of Post-its. It works great to keep the stencil in place, and can be reused, just like Post-its.


Simone on Jan 23, 2010:

Hi Chris, I stumpled upon your videos.


Screenprint was always too expensive for my professional work, but I think, I'll try this. Thank you so much for all the tutorials. If you ever get to Berlin (Germany) you should swing by my stand at the "Mauerpark" outdoor market to see it ;-) www.lumpenkoenigin.de
Then I can buy you a coffee...or two...or three...hey, I'm all yours! :-)


Simone




Simone on Jan 23, 2010:

Hi Chris, I stumpled upon your videos.


Screenprint was always too expensive for my professional work, but I think, I'll try this. Thank you so much for all the tutorials. If you ever get to Berlin (Germany) you should swing by my stand at the "Mauerpark" outdoor market to see it ;-) www.lumpenkoenigin.de
Then I can buy you a coffee...or two...or three...hey, I'm all yours! :-)


Simone




cool kido on Jan 15, 2010:

that helped a lot! im making one now. its sick


Create my own t-shirt on Dec 05, 2009:

Hi
You simple rocked there. It was a great presentation with great thoughts and presentation style. Thanks for providing these insights.


Thanks!!!


Snarf on Jul 09, 2009:

I was wondering how these shirts wear? How many washes etc???


Betty on May 13, 2009:

Thank you so much for posting this. As soon as I read "acetate/ transparency paper" it jogged the old memory and I was able to solve my own stenciling need, My Duh! Thanks again.


Josh on Apr 23, 2009:

very nice, im working on mine now. thanks a ton.


vertigoxcured on Aug 02, 2007:

i dont know much about this stuff. is it possible that you could provide me with some names of inks that you would recommend? i tried googling it but it broght back all industrial size stuff! thank you 


artDESIGN on Jul 02, 2007:

That is the clearest most direct directions for doing this that I've ever some across. Thanks!


Surly on May 03, 2007:

I love Camus just slightly more than those cool old Magnum photographs. Nice post.


DIY Maven on Apr 10, 2007:

Kay-mus must be a pet peeve, huh?


lilybee on Apr 09, 2007:

Bloody brilliant Bogey stencil. Makes me miss cigarettes. 

Have you seen banksy's stencils?


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